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Most birds build nests in sheltered, hidden areas to avoid predation, but large or colonial birds—which are more capable of defence—may build more open nests.

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The absence of nests is especially prevalent in ground-nesting species where the newly hatched young are precocial. Nest made of straw with five white eggs and one grey speckled egg Nest of an eastern phoebe that has been parasitised by a brown-headed cowbird.
During nest construction, some species seek out plant matter from plants with parasite-reducing toxins to improve chick survival,[186] and feathers are often used for nest insulation.
[185] Some bird species have no nests; the cliff-nesting common guillemot lays its eggs on bare rock, and male emperor penguins keep eggs between their body and feet.
Bird eggs are usually laid in a nest. Most species create somewhat elaborate nests, which can be cups, domes, plates, beds scrapes, mounds, or burrows.[185] Some bird nests, however, are extremely primitive; albatross nests are no more than a scrape on the ground.

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